What’s next after PhoneGap and Cordova in Mobile App Development?


Key takeaways:

  • What is PhoneGap?
  • What’s next for hybrid mobile application development?

PhoneGap is a vast and adopted innovation for cross-platform mobile application development. This open-source mobile application development structure was created by Nitobi Software (called Adobe). It enables the developers to fabricate applications using JavaScript, HTML, and CSS. 

PhoneGap makes it workable for the developers to build iOS and Android applications. This blend of web abilities and native gadgets (known as “hybrid”) has gotten established. It is one of the essential ways to deal with mobile application development. 

So, as work on advancing PhoneGap (and Apache Cordova open-source project) eases back, what’s next for hybrid mobile development? 

Moreover, as an open-source venture, Apache Cordova won’t be going away soon. Various organizations have considerable interests in Cordova. And the Cordova community keeps on filling the gaps. A corporate committers back-and-forth movement. 

Yet, PhoneGap was an undertaking made with a clear expectation. It becomes out of date, and that minute might arrive. 

Throughout the most recent ten years, two unrivalled choices have risen. This has prepared to replace PhoneGap and “hybrid 1.0.” These are progressive web applications and JavaScript-driven native applications. 

Progressive web applications 

PhoneGap has been introduced to help web developers do more on mobile gadgets. When they hit the points of confinement of mobile web browsers. PhoneGap reuses everything from the web—HTML, CSS, JavaScript and depends on plugins written in native code (Objective-C, Swift, Java) to access explicit native gadget highlights through JavaScript. After some time, this has ended up being both a gift and a curse. The learning curve is flat.

In the meantime, web standards have kept on advancing. And in the course of the last three to four years, the push to improve web standards became vital for making better, disconnected, prepared mobile applications. It has catalyzed under the expression “progressive web applications.”

With PWA, the web platform steps forward. 

So, web applications have full command over the system stack, making it conceivable to do progressed reserving and disconnected activities.

There are, likewise, new APIs that help web applications do different things. Connected with native mobile applications such as propelling with a sprinkle screen, sending pop-up messages, or approaching users for payment data.

Add this to the entire other “HTML 5” APIs that has arrived in browsers like access to accelerometers, cameras, and so forth and you have a skilled web platform for some sorts of applications.

Every one of these capacities requires a native application when PhoneGap was made. Yet, now the browsers have made up for the lost time. We can remove the hybrid preparing wheels.

There remain confines on the web. It’s the moderate moving, benchmarks based platform. Progressive web applications are a goliath step forward. But they are not an ideal substitution for all applications. 

So what are web developers to do after hybrid? If, despite everything, they need full access to native gadget APIs? Enter JavaScript-driven native applications. 

JavaScript-driven native applications 

Around five years back, a few organizations discovered a solution for continuous presentation issues. So, they tormented hybrid mobile applications. Their aim: create frameworks that could deliver “native” execution and UI richness. 

While being cross-platform and natural to web developers. From this work, two great alternatives emerged. React Native (from Facebook) and NativeScript (from Progress). 

These new frameworks enable developers to keep on reusing their web aptitudes. Yet rather than enveloping a web browser by a native application shell (as PhoneGap does). These new methodologies produce a native UI. 

The outcome is mobile applications that perform like “crude” single-platform native applications while increasing cross-platform efficiency.

There have been a couple of names to portray this strategy. “Hybrid 2.0,” “native hybrid,” and “cross-platform native,” among others. Forrester presented the expression “JavaScript-driven native applications.” and keeping in mind that it doesn’t move off the tongue, it is, at any rate, a precise and graphic name.

With JavaScript-driven native application frameworks, web developers have a large set of what they adored about PhoneGap. Yet, with a lot more force and performance. For instance, NativeScript, which has incorporated both Angular and Vue.

It gives developers full access to all native APIs using JavaScript. In case it has been done in a native application, it tends to do in NativeScript and cross-platform plugins empower most things to code once and deal with the two iOS and Android. It resembles PhoneGap modules on steroids.

Both React Native and NativeScript are flourishing open-source projects and both have prepared to be the characteristic advancement of “hybrid 1.0” for situations where progressive web applications don’t own all the necessary qualities.

Which one do you pick?

While PhoneGap isn’t gone, it is difficult to envision. Why would any new undertaking begin with PhoneGap today when alternatives like PWAs and JavaScript-driven, native applications exist? The two choices speak to ways worked for the future and insignificant to embrace for web developers acquainted with hybrid application development.

Picking between the choices ought to be straightforward, as well

In case your application does not bother with a ton of gadget API access, it shouldn’t be in the application stores and can live with some more breaking points on iOS (for the present), form a PWA.

In case your application’s necessities surpass the points of confinement of PWA. 

You have to pick one of the JavaScript-driven native application platforms: 

  • In case you are a React shop, select React Native. 
  • If you are an Angular or Vue shop, pick NativeScript. 

A lot of organizations that imagine these open-source frameworks are ready to help and most offer specific directions for moving from PhoneGap to their structure. In case you’re searching for a spot to begin your relocation venture, you can get in touch with a specialist having smart skills.

At last, PhoneGap is known for its name. It helped web developers range the mobile application development “gap” for about ten years. That is a fantastic run by any standard. So, it’s the ideal opportunity for progressive web applications and the JavaScript-driven native application frameworks. It helps to get the mantle and lead developers into what’s to come.