What is a testing framework?
First of all to have an obvious picture of the subject, let’s understand what a “testing framework” really is.
A testing framework is an implementation environment for automated tests. It is the all-around system in which the tests will be automated. A testing framework commonly follows a set of guidelines or rules and regulations utilized for building and designing test cases. These guidelines could contain test-data handling procedures, object repositories, coding standards, processes for saving test results, or data on how to access external resources.
Such a framework also comprises a combination of processes and tools that are designed to enable QA professionals to do their testing more productively.
The Testing framework is accountable for the following points:
- Defining the format in which to convey expectations
- Building a mechanism to drive the application under test
- Enforcing the tests
- Reporting conclusions
The significance of utilizing a testing framework in software development
Testing as we understand it is a crucial stage of the Software Development Life Cycle. Thus, when developing software, essential attention should be hired for the testing stage. If we have an association of testers and think if each module executes a different technique then the time required for the tester to become efficient in the modern environment will take longer.
To deal with this we cannot formulate changes to the automation environment for each fresh application that arrives along. For this objective, we utilize an application-independent testing framework and possess the capacity to broaden with the prerequisites of each application.
Using a framework for automated testing will enhance a team’s test speed and efficiency, boost test accuracy and will lessen test maintenance prices as well as lower risks. Hence a framework is important to a productive automated testing procedure for some key reasons:
- Enhanced test efficiency
- Lower maintenance prices
- Least manual intervention
- Maximum test coverage
- Reusability of code
3. Karma framework
Karma is more specifically a test runner. Karma is an efficient testing environment that supports all the prominent test description frameworks within itself such as Mocha, Jasmine, QUnit, etc. Moreover, those tests can be performed not only in the browsers of your preference but also on the platform of your choice Ike desktop, phone, or tablet. Karma is highly configurable and integrates with outstanding CI/CD packages such as Travis, Jenkins, etc. It possesses outstanding plugin support too.
4. Jasmine test framework
Jasmine is beneficial for a testing frontend for vision. Jasmine enables us to automate user behavior with customs uncertainties.
Puppeteer, an outstanding test execution framework created by a team at Google. It is a Node.js established an automated testing library that delivers an API that enables the users to control Chrome by overriding the basic DevTools protocol. Various scenarios that can be accomplished manually in the browser can be automated with the help of Puppeteer. Puppeteer supports characteristics from ES6 like async and await. It gives automation support for UI testing, keyboard inputs, and form submission.
The selection of choosing a framework mostly relies on the nature of the software that you are aiming to test. The purpose is not to master one intention from this list and use it to test every bit of software that you aim for. Instead, every option has its pros and cons and you should be smart enough to recognize which piece perfectly fits the puzzle illustrated by your software design.