Selenium finds its way into the conversation when we talk about automation testing. Being one of the best tools for automation testing, selenium is well-loved by developers and testers worldwide for the way selenium benefits vastly. But the question that remains is that there are many automation testing tools available in the market that deliver almost the same results. So why only selenium?
When it is something that we will discuss in detail in the article, by the end of this article, you can list all the benefits of performing automation testing by selenium and the reason it is preferred over other automation testing tools.
Before we investigate the benefits of selenium, let’s first understand what selenium is and why it is used.
Selenium is an open-source automation testing tool used for automating tests carried on different web browsers. It has a series of tools that caters to different requirements of organisations. It has four different tools:
- Selenium RC
- Selenium IDE
- Selenium Grid
- Selenium WebDriver
Recently Selenium WebDriver and Grid were merged into one, which will be discussed in this article.
Why is Selenium used?
Selenium is used for automating the testing across various web browsers. Different browsers like Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Safari and internet explorer are supported by it, and you can easily automate browser testing across these browsers using the benefits of Selenium.
You can also see automated tests being performed on your computer screen.
Advantages of Selenium for Automated Testing
1. Language and framework support
Also, every Selenium supported language has appropriated three works that help write test scripts for selenium test automation. So when you go for Selenium as a tool for performing automation testing, you won’t have to worry about languages and frameworks support as Selenium will do that for you.
2. Open source availability.
One of the things that add to the benefits of Selenium is open source availability. Selenium is a publicly accessible automation framework, and being an open-source tool, it is free with no upfront cost. You can save work here and use them for other good causes.
The Selenium community is continuously helping developers and software engineers to automate The web browser features and functionality. Being an open-source tool, Selenium also helps you customise the code for better management and enhance the functionality of predefined functions and classes.
3. Multi-browser support.
The Selenium community has been working on improvising every day on one Selenium script for all browsers. According to StatCounter, Chrome, Firefox, Safari, internet explorer, and browsers, browsers worldwide and Selenium benefits are compatible with all these mentioned browsers. You must not write a script for every browser as just one script is required for all browsers.
4. Support across various operations.
Different people use various operating systems, and your automation tool must support all of them. Selenium is a highly profitable tool supporting and could work across different operating systems like Windows, Linux, Mac OS, Unix, etc.
5. Ease of implementation.
The selenium automation framework is very easy to use as it provides a user-friendly interface that helps users create and execute test scripts easily and effectively. You can also watch while the test runs and analyses detailed reports of the selenium test and takes follow-up actions.
And finally, you will never feel alone as a huge Selenium community is always available for helping you in any case of need. You will also be able to ask your queries and perform brainstorming in the community.
6. Reusability and integrations.
Selenium automation test used is usable and could be tested across multiple browsers and operating systems. Nevertheless, the twist is that Selenium isn’t an all-inclusive web automation testing tool. Therefore it requires third party frameworks and add-ons for broadening the scope of testing.
For example, you must integrate Selenium with TestNG and JUnit for managing test cases and generating reports. For achieving continuous testing, you should integrate it with some CI/CD tools. Also, for performing image-based testing, you are required to integrate Selenium with tools like Sikuli and perform cross-browser testing with cloud Grid such as LambdaTest.
test management is very important in the testing life cycle, and it becomes easier and more efficient by using Selenium features like regrouping and retracting test cases. It helps developers and testers in quick changes to the code, reducing duplication, minimising complications and improving maintainability.
These features make the Selenium more flexible and usable than other automation testing tools and help the benefits of Selenium keep an edge.
8. Parallel test execution and faster market launch
The main pillar of automated testing is saving time and efforts. With the guidance of the Selenium grid, you can execute multiple tests in parallel and reduce the test execution time. With cloud rates for cross-browser testing, you can test across hundreds of browsers in parallel by using Selenium.
9. Less hardware usage.
You will find that Selenium requires less hardware than other testing tools if you compare it with others when the focus automation tools like QTP, UFT, SilkTest, etc.
10. Easy to learn and use.
Selenium scripts are not something like writing a hundred-page complex algorithm. Writing Selenium scripts is not more than writing a few courses for automating your website functionalities.
Also, documentation on the Selenium website helps that developer and testers start with Selenium automation testing Selenium benefits and development support at just a Google search away with a radically growing community.
We all know that people are very selective when selecting anything from a lot of options. When selecting a tool, we have become even more selective; hence you can take your chance here. When you perform automation testing, you will find a variety of tools to help you.