Agile is a very popular and successful software development model used for delivering products quickly into the hands of users by maintaining good quality. In an agile approach like Scrum, high-level software requirements for business needs are broken into smaller units called epics and epics are even divided into user stories. Each user story defines an acceptance criterion.
In Agile software development projects, teamwork matters, and there is no concept of “I” as Agile focuses on teamwork, so the concept of “we” is followed like the Scrum testing team. All the agile projects are delivered in the form of sprints. A sprint is a timebox that may be two or four weeks long. A usable and probably releasable software is created during a Scrum sprint. We will be discussing in detail the ceremonies that might happen during a sprint later.
Check out this, Top 10 Open Source Bug Tracking Tools in 2021.
Getting started with Scrum
Building a team
Scrum is a framework that assists teams in working together and getting the work done. Teens are encouraged by a scrum for learning through experiences, self-organizing while working on a problem, and reflecting on their wins and losses for improving continuously. Scrum testing is designed to help teams adapt to changing conditions and user requirements naturally, with reprioritization built into the process and shortly cycles so our team could constantly learn and improve.
Each Sprint becomes a project in itself, and at the end of the Sprint that is commonly in two or four weeks, there will be additions that will be delivered over to the user for implementation in the scrum framework. The features that allot done or not accepted will be reviewed and re-prioritized for the following sprints.
- Product owner: The person who translates the user’s needs in the form of stories and works intimately with the scrum team. A major role is played by the product owner in defining the epics and user stories. They are also accountable for the completion of the team in realizing the project goals.
- Scrum Master: Scrum Master is responsible for liquidating blockers to the team’s success. The person is also responsible for making the team follow Scrum principles and rules. They worked closely with the product owner and the team, and they are also responsible for facilitating the daily scrum meetings.
- Development Team: The team that performs actual work. The development team is also responsible for completing the product increment by the end of each Sprint. The team holds the responsibility for defining the acceptance criteria for the work to be performed in the Sprint as software testers are a part of the development team.
Build a product roadmap
The product owner creates a vision and transforms the vision into a product plan. A high-level product roadmap indicates how a product is going to grow. Normally, the software plan includes many essential launches or product iterations for sprint breakdown.
Transforming the plan into action
The product owner turns all high expectations into customer stories and creates the original product backlog. When the product owner has scheduled the sprint planning, it arranges an aftermarket apparel session for the first Sprint to prioritize and prioritize customer tales.
Check out the insights of 5 Types Of User Acceptance Testing.
The agile testing process
What happens in a scrum sprint?
We will be able to track the sprint progress by scrum board daily. The scrum master will organize a daily standup meeting for identifying the team’s progress and delays if any. The scrum master role will remove the team’s blockers and help them move forward to achieve the sprint goals.
Prioritized user stories in the sprint planning session will be ranked and prioritized for the sprints. All the tests in the development team will have their deliverables created for a user story.
Typical agile scrum board has flowing stages
The sprint backlog will list user stories prioritized during sprint planning in compliance with the required rank. The team will then proceed to work on the story-related emerging activities. When we start coding, the production departments pass the work to the status of the job. Stories will be transferred for Validation after coding and unit checking. Stories not meeting the requirements of approval will be pushed back to Doing. After verifying the product owners’ approval conditions, the stories that have passed the test will be pushed to the Finished stage.
Test automation within the Sprint
Implementing test automation within the scrum sprint has some advantages and disadvantages. The main aim is to identify areas for automation. Automation should go hand-in-hand with development, and we will be able to build different layers of automated software testing in Scrum while focusing on individual components, integration, and visual testing.
Setting up a test automation framework
A stable and reusable test automation Platform that facilitates continuing integration is the main target. The setting must be scalable enough for adjusting multiple modules of the Program Under Evaluation [AUT] for performing different levels of automatic tests that encompass functional, API, UI, UX, and End to End Regression.
We now have low-code automation systems on the market, for example, Tosca, Katlyn, etc. These tools help us set up and manage the test systems in less time, so there is no heavy coding. These are model-based test automation frameworks that use registration or an integrated user interface for easily customizing reusable sites.
If we stick to open-source frameworks, pre-defined frameworks like Selenide, Geb, etc., are still available to set up an automation system for software testing in Scrum. They save substantial time for rendering the initial setup even though they need some coding.
The Scrum testing framework supports a collaborative working model where any person could share their ideas and opinions for improving the process. Agile is more of a mindset and a culture. As there will be many challenges while implementing an agile approach, the Scrum testing framework that benefits from getting product feedback in the early stages of this print life cycle.
By defining procedures and agile ceremonies the following processes described above during the sprint life cycle and outside it, we can release the minimum lovable product more quickly into the user’s hand. Test automation and testing do play a major role in developing quality code. Software testing should start right from the beginning, as testing is not about finding defects. It is all about bringing quality to the end product through defined processes and metrics.