WebdriverIO is a test automation framework that supports both browser and native mobile testing. It is not to be confused with Selenium WebDriver, which only supports browser testing. It can automate testing for a wide range of apps running in any popular browser or mobile OS, and it's very extendable.
WebdriverIO's ability to handle a wide range of testing demands makes it an excellent framework for those who create a variety of apps and want a single framework to test them all.
Playwright's main disadvantage right now is that, because it's still young, it's continuously growing, and it doesn't have as many integrations as more established frameworks. The absence of compatibility for Internet Explorer, as well as the fact that Playwright requires a special browser that must be downloaded each time you wish to run a test, are also drawbacks. This takes time out of testing and prevents you from testing on the browser that your users are using. Finally, Playwright, like Puppeteer, requires manual integration with test frameworks such as Mocha, Jasmine, or Jest.
Puppeteer's primary drawback is that it only fully supports Chrome and Chromium, preventing it from becoming a real cross-browser testing solution. However, owing to the collaboration between the Puppeteer team and Mozilla engineers, the Firefox nightly versions are now compatible with Puppeteer as well.
Support for Puppeteer in stable Firefox versions is in the pipeline. To summarise, Puppeteer is the preferred test automation framework for Chrome and Chromium developers. Frameworks like Playwright give a comparable experience for cross-browser tests.
Assess factors such as cross-browser compatibility, development framework, and development process to find the best fit for your needs. Finally, the greatest judgments on application design today are made by combining your expertise and the specifics of your application with generic patterns that are emerging in the highly active developer community.