- What are the common security issues in an application?
- What are the top technologies to solve security issues in applications?
Every day, numerous apps are released on different app stores. For example, Google Play Store, Apple app store, Windows app store, etc.
To not much surprise, most of those apps require or contain user information.
According to a study, in 2018, nearly 5 billion pieces of information got exposed to hackers. This information included personal information like passwords, email IDs, addresses, bank account details, etc.
Therefore, it becomes crucial to secure all this information. But, how? So, there are various technologies and tools using which the security of an application is achievable.
Hence, in this blog, we are going to discuss the top 5 technologies for the same. But first, let’s talk about some common security issues.
Some common security issues in an application
The following are some of the common security issues in relation to an application.
- Developers sometimes pick codes written by a hacker.
- Leaving the application cache unchecked.
- Not performing enough security testing.
- Using weak or no encryption.
- Improper server-side security.
- Not updating the software at regular intervals.
So, these are the common security issues that need a solution at the earliest.
Now, let’s discuss the top 5 technologies that can solve the security issues in applications.
Top 5 technologies to solve the security issues in applications
The following technologies are beneficial in securing an application in the development phase and deployment phase. So, let’s study each in detail.
1. Software Composition Analysis (SCA)
This technology is popular among application developers. In this technology, there are certain tools that analyze the components of an application.
This is necessary because no one can secure an app if he/she doesn’t know what the components are. It analyzes the open-source components of the application.
Also, today, more than half of the applications consist of only open-source components. Therefore, SCA is an important technology for modern apps. Apart from the component analysis, SCA also provides information about the libraries of the application.
It also informs the developer about the bugs and also suggests ways to fix them. Therefore, for modern application securities, SCA is the most important technology.
2. Software Container Technology
SCT or container technology, in general, differs from the previous one. It is a set of technologies that standardizes the packaging of the application. Some examples of SCT are Docker, Kubernetes, etc.
Another advantage of this container technology is its application portability. They give the basic principle behind this technology below.
The developer separates an application from others running on a machine. Therefore, by any chance, if a hacker hacks an application, he/she can’t access that isolated app from it.
But this technology can suffer a bit. So, an alternative to this technology is virtual machines.
3. Virtual Machine
This technology solves the problem common with container technology. This technology copies the entire computer system inside a physical system. This is similar to dual space in smartphones.
Now, you can run multiple computers in a single system. For more clarity, consider that you can run Linux and Ubuntu on Windows 10 PC.
Moreover, the user gets the same experience on a VM as on the OS itself. Just like container technology, if one application gets hacked, the hacker can’t access others. This technology is the most secure than the rest in today’s list.
IAST stands for Interactive Application Security Testing. It is not a single tool but a group of similar tools. That analyzes the issues with an app’s source code.
That provides information about the cause of the issue, i.e. the source code. It analyzes the performance flow and the incoming traffic along with checking the app itself. Also, since this tool performs analysis from within the app, it needs access to the source code.
Along with this, it also needs access to the dataflow, memory, and the app’s components. This makes them capable of finding any issue quickly. Therefore, the developer can quickly fix it. Hence, this is a much smarter tool.
RASP stands for Runtime Application Self-Protection. As the name itself reads, it allows the apps to secure themselves from every threat/hack. For example, take the example of a call manager.
A call manager labels a call as spam if it finds it so. Therefore, the user can decide if to block that caller. In the same way, RASP works. If an application finds a threat, it will secure itself from it, all on its own.
Here the blog ends. So, these are the most popular and powerful security technologies for various applications. We advise it to use a mixture of two. For example, IAST and SCA are suitable during the development phase. While others are suitable for the deployment phase.